10 Things to Know About Newborns

low-birth-weight baby, low-birth-weight infant - an infant born weighing less than pounds ( grams) regardless of gestational age;

Stressed, tired, and lonely?

low-birth-weight baby, low-birth-weight infant - an infant born weighing less than pounds ( grams) regardless of gestational age;
low-birth-weight baby, low-birth-weight infant - an infant born weighing less than pounds ( grams) regardless of gestational age;
Newborn Care A newborn baby can feel small and fragile. Learn how to care for your newborn and find out what to do if your baby has colic, jaundice, or an umbilical hernia.
low-birth-weight baby, low-birth-weight infant - an infant born weighing less than pounds ( grams) regardless of gestational age;
A newborn baby in Indonesia, with umbilical cord ready to be clamped. During labour and birth, the infant's skull changes shape to fit through the birth canal, sometimes causing the child to be born with a misshapen or elongated head. It will usually return to normal on its own within a few days or weeks.
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Newborn Care A newborn baby can feel small and fragile. Learn how to care for your newborn and find out what to do if your baby has colic, jaundice, or an umbilical hernia.

Here's how to tell if your newborn could be suffering from one. From the very first wipedown to the nightly bath, Ari Brown, M. The simple hold maneuver shown in this video may be the secret to calming a crying baby.

Why do babies need to burp? And is burping after feeding really important? Our baby burping primer answers these questions and explains what causes gas in Baby's belly -- and how to prevent it. Here's how to ease Baby's tummy discomfort when she's having trouble with digestion. Everybody gets through the first few weeks with baby, and so will you. Here's how one mom made it. There are plenty of things to pay attention to after your baby is born. Here are some things you don't need to put on that list.

Are you a little nervous to take your newborn to her first doctor appointment? We'll help you with what questions to ask, what paperwork to remember, who to bring along, and what Baby needs. When your baby is gassy, he may need some help to ease the pressure. Try one or all of these soothing steps to relieve baby's gas. Getting to know your newborn can be challenging.

Take our quiz and find how much you know about the body and mind of your newborn. In developed countries, the average birth weight of a full-term newborn is approximately 3. A newborn's head is very large in proportion to the body, and the cranium is enormous relative to his or her face. The two largest are the diamond-shaped anterior fontanel, located at the top front portion of the head, and the smaller triangular-shaped posterior fontanel, which lies at the back of the head.

Later in the child's life, these bones will fuse together in a natural process. A protein called noggin is responsible for the delay in an infant's skull fusion. During labour and birth, the infant's skull changes shape to fit through the birth canal , sometimes causing the child to be born with a misshapen or elongated head.

It will usually return to normal on its own within a few days or weeks. Special exercises sometimes advised by physicians may assist the process. Some newborns have a fine, downy body hair called lanugo. It may be particularly noticeable on the back, shoulders, forehead, ears and face of premature infants.

Lanugo disappears within a few weeks. Infants may be born with full heads of hair; others, particularly caucasian infants, may have very fine hair or may even be bald. Amongst fair-skinned parents, this fine hair may be blonde, even if the parents are not. The scalp may also be temporarily bruised or swollen, especially in hairless newborns, and the area around the eyes may be puffy. Immediately after birth, a newborn's skin is often grayish to dusky blue in color.

As soon as the newborn begins to breathe, usually within a minute or two, the skin's color reaches its normal tone. Newborns are wet, covered in streaks of blood, and coated with a white substance known as vernix caseosa , which is hypothesised to act as an antibacterial barrier.

The newborn may also have Mongolian spots , various other birthmarks , or peeling skin, particularly on the wrists, hands, ankles, and feet. A newborn's genitals are enlarged and reddened, with male infants having an unusually large scrotum. The breasts may also be enlarged, even in male infants. This is caused by naturally occurring maternal hormones and is a temporary condition.

Females and even males may actually discharge milk from their nipples sometimes called witch's milk , or a bloody or milky-like substance from the vagina. In either case, this is considered normal and will disappear with time. The umbilical cord of a newborn is bluish-white in color. The umbilical stub will dry out, shrivel, darken, and spontaneously fall off within about 3 weeks.

This will later become a belly-button after it heals. Occasionally, hospitals may apply triple dye to the umbilical stub to prevent infection , which may temporarily color the stub and surrounding skin purple. Infants cry as a form of basic instinctive communication. Breastfeeding is the recommended method of feeding by all major infant health organizations. Infants are born with a sucking reflex allowing them to extract the milk from the nipples of the breasts or the nipple of the baby bottle , as well as an instinctive behavior known as rooting with which they seek out the nipple.

Sometimes a wet nurse is hired to feed the infant, although this is rare, especially in developed countries. From birth to four months, infants should consume breast milk or an unmodified milk substitute. As infants grow, food supplements are added.

Many parents choose commercial, ready-made baby foods to supplement breast milk or formula for the child, while others adapt their usual meals for the dietary needs of their child. Whole cow's milk can be used at one year, but lower-fat milk is not recommended until the child is 2 to 3 years old. Weaning is the process through which breast milk is eliminated from the infant's diet through the introduction of solid foods in exchange for milk.

Children need more sleep than adults—up to 18 hours for newborn babies, with a declining rate as the child ages. Until babies learn to walk, they are carried in the arms, held in slings or baby carriers, or transported in baby carriages or strollers.

Most industrialized countries have laws requiring child safety seats for babies in motor vehicles. Infants respond to the sound of snake hissing, angry voices of adults, the crackling sound of a fire, thunder, and the cries of other infants. They have a drop in heart rate, their eyes blinking, increased turning toward the speakers or parent, all of these indicating that they were paying more attention.

This is believed by some to be evolutionary response to danger. Studies have shown that infants who have been the recipients of positive touch experience more benefits as they develop emotionally and socially. Experiments have been done with infants up to four months of age using both positive touch stroking or cuddling and negative touch poking, pinching or tickling.

The infants who received the positive touch cried less often and also vocalized and smiled more than the infants who were touched negatively.

Infants who were the recipients of negative touching have been linked with emotional and behavioral problems later in life. A lower amount of physical violence in adults has been discovered in cultures with greater levels of positive physical touching. He'll love telling guests, "Don't touch the baby without washing your hands. Their piercing wails will let you know they're hungry, cold, have a dirty diaper, or want to be held.

These early "conversations" can be frustrating, but rest assured, you'll get a better handle on what she needs in time. Laurie May, of Boardman, Ohio, and her husband quickly learned to read their daughter's hunger signal. When they were brand-new parents, they set an alarm to go off every two hours to wake Carter for a feeding. Those first three months are a free-for-all. Baby needs to eat every two to three hours, so you're not getting much sleep either.

Your baby may be sleeping a lot, but there are still plenty of milestones to be on the lookout for. Some babies sleep more soundly when they're swaddled, so watch our video for the best technique to secure baby like a burrito! Stressed, tired, and lonely? Yes, those early days are hard.

But they'll soon be behind you. With my second, I just enjoyed holding her, smelling her, kissing her, and loving the time together.

Your Newborn Baby IN THIS TOPIC Knowing what to expect when you have a newborn can ease the anxiety that every new parent feels and give you confidence as you bond with your new baby. A baby's body and brain develop at an astounding rate in the first year of live. Your tiny newborn quickly morphs into a curious, active little human eager to explore the world. Newborn Care A newborn baby can feel small and fragile. Learn how to care for your newborn and find out what to do if your baby has colic, jaundice, or an umbilical hernia.